Most interviews are conducted in-person. However, there can be situations in which a one-on-one interview with an applicant is not realistically possible due to the distance between the interviewer and the applicant and/or due to the time constraints that are involved. As a result, there are several ways that an interviewer can interview an individual without the individual actually being present. One of the most commonly used methods that interviewers use to interview an applicant without a face-to-face meeting is the phone interview. This type of interview, as you might have guessed, is simply an interview in which a job applicant is interviewed over the phone. Many interviewers use this type of interviewing because it allows them to conduct a series of interviews from the comfort of an office that can be hundreds or even thousands of miles away from the applicants that the interviewer is interviewing.
It is important to remember, however, that a phone interview is not the same as a traditional interview. This is because an interviewer cannot see you during the interview (unless you are using a video phone in which case the interview should be considered a video interview and not a phone interview.) This means that you don't need to worry about what you're wearing or the movements that you make during the interview because there's no way for the interviewer to observe your body language. This also means that the interviewer cannot see what you are reading so you can use your notes to form your responses and/or questions without the visual appearance that you might be uninformed or unprepared. With this information in mind, it is important to note that a phone interview may require just as much preparation as a traditional interview, but your preparation will typically be focused on the verbal aspects of an interview such as the questions and answers rather than the nonverbal aspects that you might see in some of the other types of interviews.
Last Updated: 05/23/2014